References

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  • Badyaev, A. V., V. Belloni, and G. E. Hill. 2012. House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus). The Birds of North America. Edited by A. F. Poole. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.46.
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  • Baltz, M. E., and S. C. Latta. 1998. Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.332.
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  • Barr, J. F., C. Eberl, and J. W. McIntyre. 2000. Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.513. 
  • Barrowclough, G. F., J. G. Groth, K. J. Odom, and J. E. Lai. 2011. Phylogeography of the Barred Owl (Strix varia): Species Limits, Multiple Refugia, and Range Expansion. Auk 128:696-706.
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  • Beason, R. C. 1995. Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.195.
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  • Bechard, M. J., C. S. Houston, J. H. Saransola, and A. S. England. 2010. Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/swahaw DOI: 10.2173/bna.265.
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  • Beyersbergen, G. W., R. C. Bazin, S. J. Barry, W. A. Calvert, and B. A. Gingras. 2008. Spatial and Temporal Distribution and Abundance of Franklin's Gulls in the Canadian Prairie Provinces: 2005-2007. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service.
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  • BirdLife International. 2016. Chlidonias niger. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22694787A86776862. Retrieved from: http://dx. DOI.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22694787A86776862.en.
  • BirdLife International. 2017. Species factsheet: Gavia adamsii. Retrieved from: http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/yellow-billed-loon-gavia-adamsii/text.
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  • BirdLife International. 2018b. Species factsheet: Mergus serrator. Retrieved from http://www.birdlife.org.
  • Bleho, B., K. Ellison, D. P. Hill and L. K. Gould. 2015. Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/chclon DOI: 10.2173/bna.288.
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  • Boarman, W. I., and B. Heinrich. 1999. Common Raven (Corvus corax). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.476.
  • Boe, J. S. 1992. Wetland selection by Eared Grebes, Podiceps nigricollis, in Minnesota. Canadian Field-Naturalist 106:480-488.
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  • Bollinger, E. K., and T. A. Gavin. 1992. Eastern Bobolink Populations: Ecology and Conservation in an Agricultural Landscape. Pages 497-506 in Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Edited by J. M. Hagan III and D. W. Johnston. Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Bonter, D. N., and M. G. Harvey, 2008. Winter Survey Data Reveal Rangewide Decline in Evening Grosbeak Populations. Condor 110:376-381.
  • Booms, T. L., T. J. Cade, and N. J. Clum. 2008. Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus). The Birds of North America. Edited by A. F. Poole. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.114.
  • Booms, T. L., T. J. Cade, and N. J. Clum. 2008. Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.114 .
  • Brasso, R. L., and D. A. Cristol. 2008. Effects of Mercury Exposure on the Reproductive Success of Tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor). Ecotoxicology 17:133-141.
  • Brewer, D. 2007. Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes). Pages 416-417 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Brewer, D., A. W. Diamond, E. J. Woodsworth, B. T. Collins, and E. H. Dunn. 2006. Canadian Atlas of Bird Banding, Volume 1: Doves, Cuckoos, and Hummingbirds through Passerines, 1921-1995, second edition. Canadian Wildlife Service Special Publication. Retrieved from: http://cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/publications/BBA-AOB/v1ed2.
  • Brigham, R. M., J. Ng, R. G. Poulin, and S. D. Grindal. 2011. Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/comnig DOI: 10.2173/bna.213.
  • Brinkley, E. S. 2013. The Changing Seasons: Birdy. North American Birds 67(1):14-27.
  • Brinkley, E. S. 2016. The Changing Seasons: Retrospect. North American Birds 69:342-356.
  • Brisbin, Jr., I, Lehr., and T. B. Mowbray. 2002. American Coot (Fulica americana). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.697a.
  • Briskie, J. V. 2009. Smith's Longspur (Calcarius pictus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/smilon DOI: 10.2173/bna.34.
  • Briskie, J. V., and S. G. Sealy. 1989. Determination of Clutch Size in the Least Flycatcher. Auk 106:269-278.
  • Briskie, J. V., S. G. Sealy, and K. A. Hobson. 1992. Behavioral Defenses Against Avian Brood Parasitism in Sympatric and Allopatric Host Populations. Evolution 46:334-340.
  • Brodeur, S., and F. Morneau. 1999. Rapport sur la situation de l'aigle royal (Aquila chrysaetos) au Québec. Société de la faune et des parcs du Québec. Direction de la faune et des habitats, Québec, Canada.
  • Brown, C. R., and M. B. Brown. 1999. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.452.
  • Brown, C. R., and S. Tarof. 2013. Purple Martin (Progne subis). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.287.
  • Brown, N. J., and A. W. A. Brown. 1970. Biological Fate of DDT in a Sub-arctic Environment. Journal of Wildlife Management 34:929-940.
  • Brown, S., C. Duncan, J. Chardine, M. Howe, and the Red-Necked Phalarope Working Group. 2010. Red-Necked Phalarope Research, Monitoring, and Conservation Plan for the Northeastern U.S. and Maritime Canada. Version 1.1. Manomet, Massachusetts: Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences. Retrieved from: http://whsrn.org/sites/default/files/file/Red-necked_Phalarope_Plan_for_NE_U.S.__CAN_10_02-28_v1.1.pdf. 
  • Brown, S., C. Hickey, B. Harrington, and R. Gill (editors). 2001. United States Shorebird Conservation Plan. Second Edition. Manomet, Massachusetts: Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences.
  • Brownlee, L., P. Mineau, and A. Baril. 2000. Road Salts and Wildlife - an Assessment of the Risk. Report Submitted to the Environmental Resource Group for Road Salts, Environment Canada, Commercial Chemicals Evaluation Branch.
  • Brua, R. B. 2002. Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/rudduc   DOI: 10.2173/bna.696.
  • Bull, E. L., and J. A. Jackson. 2011. Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/pilwoo DOI: 10.2173/bna.148.
  • Bulte, M., J. D. McLaren, F. Bairlein, W. Bouten, H. Schmaljohann, and J. Shamoun-Baranes. Can Wheatears Weather the Atlantic? Modeling Nonstop Trans-Atlantic Flights of a Small Migratory Bird. The Auk 131(3):363-370.
  • Burger, A. E. 2015. Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca). The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of British Columbia, 2008-2012. Bird Studies Canada. Delta, B.C. Edited by P. J. A. Davidson, R. J. Cannings, A. R. Couturier, D. Lepage, and C. M. Di Corrado. Bird Studies Canada. Delta, B.C. Retrieved from: http://www.birdatlas.bc.ca/accounts/speciesaccount.jsp?sp=GRYE&lang=en.
  • Burger, J., and M. Gochfeld. 2002. Bonaparte's Gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.634.
  • Burger, J., and M. Gochfeld. 2009. Franklin's Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan).  The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.116.
  • Burke, P. S., and D. A. Sutherland. 2007. Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus). Pages 246-247 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Burke, P. S., M. K. Peck, and D. A. Sutherland. 2007. Stilt Sandpiper (Micropalama himantopus). Pages 244-245 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Butler, R. G., and D. E. Buckley. 2002. Black Guillemot (Cepphus grylle). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.675.
  • Byers, B. E., M. Richardson, and D. W. Brauning. 2013. Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/chswar DOI: 10.2173/bna.190.
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