References

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  • Cabe, P. R. 1993. European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.48.
  • Cadman, M. D. 2007. Harris's Sparrow (Zonotrichia querula). Pages 568-569 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • California Bird Records Committee (R. A. Hamilton, M. A. Patten, and R. A. Erickson, editors.). 2007. Rare Birds of California, Western Field Ornithologists, Camarillo, California (with updates): Retrieved from Rare Birds of California Online: www.wfopublications.org/Rare_Birds
  • Callin, E. M. 1980. Birds of the Qu'Appelle, 1857-1979. Special Publication No. 13. Saskatchewan Natural History Society, Regina, Saskatchewan.
  • Canadian Wildlife Service Waterfowl Committee. 2015. Population Status of Migratory Game Birds in Canada. Novembre 2015. CWS Migratory Birds Regulatory Report; No. 45. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/migratory-game-bird-hunting/consultation-process-regulations/report-series/population-status-2015.html.
  • Cannings, R. J. 2015. Barred Owl (Strix varia) in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of British Columbia, 2008-2012. Edited by P. J. A. Davidson, R. J. Cannings, A. R. Couturier, D. Lepage, and C. M. Di Corrado. Bird Studies Canada. Delta, B.C. Retrieved from: http://www.birdatlas.bc.ca/accounts/speciesaccount.jsp?sp=BDOW&lang=en
  • Carboneras, C., and G. M. Kirwan. 2016. Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Edited by J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved from: http://hbw.com/node/52934.
  • Carey, B., W. Christianson, A. Courcelles, C. W. Cuthbert, L. De March, K. D. De Smet, G. E. Holland, J. I. Horton, R. K. Koes, R. J. Parsons, A. Reid, P. Taylor, L. Veelma, M. Waldron, A. Walleyn, G. Walz, and M. Yorke. 2006. Finding Birds in Southern Manitoba. Manitoba Naturalists Society and Brandon Naturalists Society.
  • Carey, M., D. E. Burhans, and D. A. Nelson. 2008. Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla). The Birds of North America. Edited by A. F. Poole. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.103.
  • Carroll, J. P. 1993. Gray Partridge (Perdix Perdix). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.58.
  • Cartwright, C. E. J. 2007. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubrus). Pages 316-317 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Cartwright, C. E. J. 2015. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). Pages 282-283 in The Second Atlas of Breeding Birds of the Maritime Provinces. Edited by R. L. M. Stewart, K. A. Bredin, A. R. Couturier, A. G. Horn, D. Lepage, S. Makepeace, P. D. Taylor, M-A. Villard, and R. M. Whittam. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Natural History Society of Prince Edward Island, Nature New Brunswick, New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources, Nova Scotia Bird Society, Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources, and Prince Edward Island Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Sackville, New Brunswick.
  • Cavitt, J. F., and C. A. Haas. 2014. Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum). The Birds of North America Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/brnthr DOI: 10.2173/bna.557.
  • Chartier, B., and F. Cooke. 1980. Ross' Gulls (Rhodostethia rosea) Nesting at Churchill, Manitoba, Canada. American Birds 36:839-841.
  • Cheskey, E. 2007. Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus). Pages 400-401 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G.G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Chilton, G., M. C. Baker, C. D. Barrentine, and M. A. Cunningham. 1995. White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/whcspa DOI: 10.2173/bna.183.
  • Chu, P. C. 2005. First Confirmed Breeding of the Rock Wren in Minnesota. The Loon 77(2):59-62.
  • Cimprich, D. A., F. R. Moore, and M. P. Guilfoyle. 2000. Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/reevir DOI: 10.2173/bna.527.
  • Cink, C. L. 2002. Eastern Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/whip-p1 DOI: 10.2173/bna.620a.
  • Clark, R. G., J. P. Fleskes, K. L. Guyn, D. A. Haukos, J. E. Austin, and M. R. Miller. 2014. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.163.
  • Clay, R. P., A. J. Lesterhuis, and S. Centrón. Conservation Plan for the Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes) (Version 1.0). Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences 2012.
  • Cleveland, N. J., S. Edie, G. D. Grieef, G. E. Holland, and R. F. Koes. 1988. Birder's Guide to Southeastern Manitoba. 2nd edition, Eco Series no. 1. Winnipeg: Manitoba Naturalists' Society.
  • Coady, G. 2007. Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow (Ammodramus caudacutus). Pages 556-557 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Collister, D. M., and K. De Smet. 1997. Breeding and Natal Dispersal in the Loggerhead Shrike. Journal of Field Ornithology 68:273-282.
  • Colwell, M. A., and J. R. Jehl Jr. 1994. Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.83.
  • Confer, J. L., P. Hartman, and A. Roth. 2011. Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/gowwar DOI: 10.2173/bna.20.
  • Connelly, J. W., M. W. Gratson, and K. P. Reese. 1998. Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.354.
  • Conway, C. J. 1995. Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/virrai  DOI: 10.2173/bna.173.
  • Cooper, J. M., and S. M. Beauchesne. 2004. Nelson's Sharp-Tailed Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni. Accounts and Measures for Managing Identified Wildlife, British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Retrieved from: http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frpa/iwms/documents/Birds/b_nelsonssharptailedsparrow.pdf.
  • COSEWIC 1982. Status Report on the Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.
  • COSEWIC 2000. COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status report on Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. Retrieved from: www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. 2006. COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus in Canada. Prepared by D. S. Badzinski, Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. Retrieved from: www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. 2006.  COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status report on the Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/cosewic/sr_red_shouldered_hawk_e.pdf
  • COSEWIC. 2007a. COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=1426
  • COSEWIC. 2007b. COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/species/speciesDetails_e.cfm?sid=59
  • COSEWIC. 2007c. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vi + 25 pp. Retrieved from: www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. 2008a. COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_f.cfm?documentID=1591
  • COSEWIC. 2008b. COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=1646
  • COSEWIC. 2009a. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=1822
  • COSEWIC. 2009b. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=1804
  • COSEWIC. 2010. COSEWIC Assessment and Status report on the Barn Owl Tyto alba (Eastern population and Western population) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. Retrieved from: www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. 2010. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. Retrieved from: www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. 2011a. Assessment and Status Report on the Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=2291
  • COSEWIC. 2011b. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=2288.
  • COSEWIC. 2011c. COSEWIC Assessment and Status report on the Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies Icteria virens auricollis and the Yellow-breasted Chat virens subspecies Icteria virens virens in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. Retrieved from: www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. 2012. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Eastern Wood-pewee Contopus virens in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=1746
  • COSEWIC. 2013. Assessment and Status Report on the Bank Swallow Riparia riparia in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Retrieved from: http://registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=985.
  • COSEWIC. 2013a. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Piping Plover circumcinctus subspecies (Charadrius melodus circumcinctus) and the (melodus subspecies (Charadrius melodus melodus) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. Retrieved from: www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm.
  • COSEWIC. 2016. Species Profile: Red Crossbill. Retrieved from: http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/species/speciesDetails_e.cfm?sid=814
  • COSEWIC. 2017. Species Profile: Harris's Sparrow. Retrieved from: http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/species/speciesDetails_e.cfm?sid=1348.
  • COSEWIC. 2017a. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. Retrieved from: http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=en&n=24F7211B-1.
  • COSEWIC. 2017d. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. Retrieved from: http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=en&n=24F7211B-1.
  • COSEWIC. In press. COSEWIC Status Report on Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica).
  • Cotter, P. 2007. Brown Creeper (Certhia americana). Chapter 7.5 in A Conservation Assessment and Resource Synthesis for the Coastal Forests and Mountains Ecoregion in the Tongass National Forest and Southeast Alaska. The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved from: https://conservationgateway.org/ConservationByGeography/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/alaska/seak/era/cfm/Documents/7.5_BrownCreeper.pdf.
  • Craik, S. R. 2007. Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator). Pages 116-117 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Craik, S., J. Pearce, and R.D. Titman. 2015. Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.443.
  • Crins, W. J. 2007. Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula). Pages 424-425 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Crins, W. J. 2007b. Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus). Pages 490-491 in The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.
  • Crochet, P. A., J. D. Lebreton, and F. Bonhomme. 2002. Systematics of Large White-headed Gulls: Patterns of Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Western European Taxa. The Auk 119:603-620.
  • Crosby, G. 1972. Spread of the Cattle Egret in the Western Hemisphere. Journal of Field Ornithology 43(3):205-212.
  • Cullen, S. A., J. R. Jehl Jr., and G. L. Nuechterlein. 1999. Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/eargre DOI: 10.2173/bna.433.
  • Curry, R., and G. D. Bryant. 1987. Snowy Egret - a New Breeding Species for Ontario and Canada. Ontario Birds 5:64-67.
  • Curtis, O. E., R. N. Rosenfield, and J. Bielefeldt. 2006. Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/coohaw DOI: 10.2173/bna.75
  • Cuthbert, C. W. 1973. A Report on the Birds of the Seal River Area. Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature, unpublished report. 
  • Cuthbert, F. J., and L. R. Wires. 1999. Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.403.
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