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  • Falconer, M., K. Richardson, A. Heagy, D. Tozer, R. Stewart, J. McCracken, and R. Reid. 2016. Recovery Strategy for the Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia) in Ontario. Ontario Recovery Strategy Series. Prepared for the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, Peterborough, Ontario.
  • Falls, J. B., and J.G. Kopachena. 2010. White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.2173/bna.128.
  • Farmer, A., R. T. Holmes, and F. A. Pitelka. 2013. Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from:
  • Fast, M., B. Collins, and M. Gendron. 2011. Trends in Breeding Waterfowl in Canada. Canadian Biodiversity: Ecosystem Status and Trends 2010, Technical Thematic Report No. 8. Canadian Councils of Resource Ministers. Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Fernie, K. J., J. L. Shutt, R. J. Letcher, I. J. Ritchie, and D. M. Bird. 2009. Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of DE-71 and HBCD Alter Eggshell Thickness and Reproductive Success of American Kestrels. Environmental Science and Technology 43(6):2124-2130.
  • Ficken, M. S., M. A. Mclaren, and J. P. Hailman. 1996. Boreal Chickadee (Poecile hudsonica). The Birds of North America Online. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from:
  • Fitzgerald, T. M., E. van Stam, J. J. Nocera, and D. S. Badzinski. 2014. Loss of Nesting Sites is Not a Primary Factor Limiting Northern Chimney Swift Populations. Population Ecology 56:507-512.
  • Flickinger, E. L., C. A. Mitchell, D. H. White, and E. J. Kolbe. 1986. Bird Poisoning from Misuse of the Carbamate Furadan in a Texas Rice Field. Wildlife Society Bulletin 14:59-62.
  • Flickinger, E. L., K. A. King, W. F. Stout, and M. M. Mohn. 1980. Wildlife Hazards from Furadan 3G Applications to Rice in Texas. Journal of Wildlife Management 44:190-197.
  • Fogarty, M. J., K. A. Arnold, L. McKibben, L. B. Popischal, and R. J. Tully. 1980. Common Snipe. Pages 189-209 in Management of Migratory Shore and Upland Game Birds in North America. Edited by G. C. Sanderson. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.
  • Foote, J. R., D. J. Mennill, L. M. Ratcliffe, and S. M. Smith. 2010. Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.2173/bna.39.
  • Forsyth, D. J., P. A. Martin, K. D. De Smet, and M. E. Riske. 1994. Organochlorine Contaminants and Eggshell Thinning in Grebes from Prairie Canada. Environmental Pollution 85:51-58.
  • Fraser K. C, B. J. M. Stutchbury, C. Silverio, P. Kramer, J. Barrow, D. Newstead, N. Mickle, B. F. Cousens, J. C. Lee, D. M. Morrison, T. Shaheen, P. Mammenga, K. Applegate, and J. Tautin. 2012. Continent-wide Tracking to Determine Migratory Connectivity and Tropical Habitat Associations of a Declining Aerial Insectivore. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 279(1749): 4901-4906.
  • Fraser, K. C., C. Silverio, P. Kramer, N. Mickle, R. Aeppli, and B. J. Stutchbury. 2013. A Trans-Hemispheric Migratory Songbird Does Not Advance Spring Schedules or Increase Migration Rate in Response to Record-Setting Temperatures at Breeding Sites. PLoS One 8(5):e64587. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0064587
  • Freemark, K. E., and D. A. Kirk. 2001. Birds on Organic and Conventional Farms in Ontario: Partitioning Effects of Habitat and Practices on Species Composition and Abundance. Biological Conservation 101(3):337-350.
  • Frei, B., K. G. Smith, J. H. Withgott, and P. G. Rodewald. 2015. Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: DOI: 10.2173/bna.518.
  • Froese, Alexandra L. M. 2016. Breeding Ecology of Wild and Captive-released Western Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) in Southwestern Manitoba. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Alberta.
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