References

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  • La Porte [sic], N., R. W. Storer, and G. L. Nuechterlein. 2013.Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/wesgre DOI: 10.2173/bna.26.
  • La Porte, N. 2012. Changes in the Nesting Ecology of the Western Grebe after 40 Years of Changes at Delta Marsh, Manitoba. M.Sc. thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.
  • Larche, R. A., and S. G. Sealy. 1977. Inland Records of the Rock Ptarmigan in Manitoba. Blue Jay 35:99-100.
  • Leafloor, J. O., J. A. Moore, and K. T. Scribner. 2013. A Hybrid Zone Between Canada Geese (Branta canadensis) and Cackling Geese (B. Hutchinsii). Auk 130(3):487-500.
  • Leonard, T. D., P. D. Taylor, and I. G. Warkentin. 2008. Landscape Structure and Spatial Scale Affect Space Use by Songbirds in Naturally Patchy and Harvested Boreal Forests. Condor 110(3):467-481.
  • Leschack, C. R., S. K. McKinght, and G. R. Hepp. 1997. Gadwall (Anas strepera). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/gadwal DOI: 10.2173/bna.283.
  • Limpert, R. J., and S. L. Earnst. 1994. Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/tunswa DOI: 10.2173/bna.89.
  • Linz, G. M., H. J. Homan, S. M. Gaulker, L. B. Penry, and W. J. Bleier. 2007. European Starlings: A Review of an Invasive Species with Far-reaching Impacts. Managing Vertebrate Invasive Species 24:378-386.
  • Littrell, E. E. 1998. Waterfowl Mortality in Rice Fields Treated with the Carbamate, Carbofuran. California Fish and Game 74:226-231.
  • Livezey, K. B. 2009a. Range Expansion of Barred Owls, Part I: Chronology and Distribution. American Midland Naturalist 161:49-56.
  • Livezey, K. B. 2009b. Range Expansion of Barred Owls, Part II: Facilitating Ecological Changes. American Midland Naturalist 161:323-349.
  • Longcore, J. R., D. G. McAuley, G. R. Hepp, and J. M. Rhymer. 2000. American Black Duck (Anas rubripes). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/ambduc DOI: 10.2173/bna.481.
  • Loss, S. R., T. Will, S. S. Loss, and P. P. Marra. 2014. Bird-building Collisions in the United States: Estimates of Annual Mortality and Species Vulnerability. Condor: Ornithological Applications 116:8-23.
  • Lowther, P. E. 1993. Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/bnhcow DOI: 10.2173/bna.47.
  • Lowther, P. E. 1999. Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.446.
  • Lowther, P. E. 2005. LeConte's Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.224.
  • Lowther, P. E., A. F. Poole, J. P. Gibbs, S. M. Melvin, and F. A. Reid. 2009. American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus). Edited by A. F. Poole. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.18.
  • Lowther, P. E., and C. L. Cink. 2006. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.12.
  • Lowther, P. E., and R. F. Johnston. 2014. Rock Pigeon (Columba livia). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.13.
  • Lowther, P. E., C. C. Rimmer, B. Kessel, S. L. Johnson, and W. G. Ellison. 2001.Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus), The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/gycthr DOI: 10.2173/bna.591.
  • Lowther, P. E., C. Celada, N. K. Klein, C. C. Rimmer, and D. A. Spector. 1999. Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.454.
  • Lowther, P. E., D. D. Douglas, and C. L. Gratto-Trevor. 2001. Willet (Tringa semipalmata). The Birds of North America. Edited by P. G. Rodewald. Retrieved from: https:// DOI.org/10.2173/bna.446.
  • Lumsden, H. G. 1964. Golden Eagle Nesting in Ontario. The Auk 81:91-91.
  • Lumsden, H. G. 1975. The Whistling Swan in James Bay and the Southern Region of Hudson Bay. Arctic 28:194-200.
  • Lumsden, H. G. 1984. The Pre-settlement Breeding Distribution of Trumpeter, Cygnus buccinator, and Tundra Swans, C. columbianus, in Eastern Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 98:415-424.
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